The ATO published their long awaited guidance on the use of reserves in an SMSF as SMSFRB 2018/1 ‘The use of reserves by self-managed superannuation funds’ on 15 March 2018.
On the whole, the contents of this Bulletin contained few surprises. However there was one view stated in the Appendix at item 52 which presents a change in the ATO’s view on allocations from a reserve:
An allocation cannot be made from the reserve to an existing account-based pension.
At Accurium we deal with a number of SMSFs who have unallocated reserves due to the cessation of the liability to pay an old defined benefit income stream. This can arise on the expiry of a life expectancy pension, or death of the final pensioner for a lifetime pension. With the pension liability ceased, the assets form an unallocated reserve in the fund. This unallocated reserve does not belong to a member account and cannot simply be paid out of the fund.
In order to reduce these reserves over time it is common for the 5% rule (under Reg 291-25.01 of ITAR 1997) to be utilised which allows for a trustee to allocate up to 5% of the value of each member’s total interest in the fund to an account for each. Up to now this has included the allocation of monies from a reserve to an account-based income stream.
For example, consider an SMSF which has two retiree members, one member with a non-reversionary lifetime complying defined benefit income stream, and a second member with an account-based income stream. If the member with the lifetime income stream passes away, the remaining assets that were supporting the defined benefit income stream will now remain an unallocated reserve in the fund. This cannot be paid as a superannuation death benefit without first allocating to a member interest. However, the trustee can use the reserve allocations rules to allocate up to 5% of the remaining member’s interest from the reserve to the account-based pension each year.
Prior to the release of this ATO Bulletin, the advice we had received from the ATO was that allocating from the reserve directly to a pension account in this way was acceptable. We understand that many clients have implemented the 5% rule in this way, and have seen SMSFs with very large balances implementing this strategy pass an audit by the ATO.
So what had changed?
We contacted the ATO for clarification on the view presented in the Bulletin that an allocation cannot be made from a reserve to an existing account-based income stream.
The Bulletin states that:
Allocating amounts from a reserve to an income stream would circumnavigate the new transfer balance cap rules and this possibility is being removed by requiring trustees to allocate amounts to accumulation. Any new retirement phase pension interest commenced with that accumulation balance will raise an associated transfer balance cap credit for the member.
How the ATO will apply this new approach
The ATO has confirmed to us that it will not be applying compliance resources to review allocations from reserves prior to 1 July 2017. So for SMSFs that have allocated amounts from reserve to a pension based on current industry practice in 2016-17 or prior income years there is no issue.
From 1 July 2017 the ATO expect to see that allocations from reserves will be added to an accumulation interest. You cannot allocate from a reserve directly to a pension account. Where a member has pension interests and an accumulation interest then the total allocation from the reserve (up to 5% of the member’s total interests) will need to be allocated to the member’s accumulation interest.
This change creates an additional administrative step for funds solely in pension phase with a reserve. The SMSF trustees may need to create a new accumulation interest for a member in order to receive an allocation from such a reserve.
Also, where a member has an existing accumulation interest, the allocation from reserve will mix with the existing account and is likely to change the tax components. Consideration should be given to tax planning of income streams. For example, in some instances it may be preferable to maintain multiple pension accounts in order to retain favourable tax for particular beneficiaries.
Finally, if a client has completed an allocation under the 5% rule post 1 July 2017, but prior to 15 March 2018 when the bulletin was released, the SMSF trustee will be subject to the new compliance approach. The ATO has requested that trustees in this situation write to the ATO outlining the specific circumstances of their reserves allocation. This should provide evidence that the allocation was not a one off to avoid the transfer balance cap or total super balance rules and could include evidence of regular historic use of the 5% rule. The ATO will assess trustees on a case by case basis under this scenario.
Should you have any questions about defined benefit income streams and the use of reserves you can call us on 1800 203 123.
The information in this document is provided by Accurium Pty Limited ABN 13 009 492 219 (Accurium). It is factual information only and is not intended to be financial product advice, tax advice or legal advice and should not be relied upon as such. The information is general in nature and may omit detail that could be significant to your particular circumstances. While all care has been taken to ensure the information is correct at the time of publishing, superannuation and tax legislation can change from time to time and Accurium is not liable for any loss arising from reliance on this information, including reliance on information that is no longer current. Tax is only one consideration when making a financial decision. We recommend that you seek appropriate professional advice before making any financial decisions.